In order to find employment in Germany it is important to complete an apprenticeship or academic studies.
An apprenticeship usually takes two to three years. There are three different types of apprenticeship:
1. A working apprenticeship where you work in a business and learn on the job.
2. A school apprenticeship where you visit the “Berufsschule” (training school).
3. A dual apprenticeship which combines theory and practice.
In order to have access to an apprenticeship you are usually required to have at least a secondary school certificate. If you have already obtained a school-leaving certificate in your home country, you should find out whether the certificate is recognized in Germany. In the category recognition you will find advice centers and more information.
Another way to qualify for a profession is to study at university.
There are also other ways to learn a profession. You can get advice on this from the job center, for example.
To find out which profession suits you best and which degree you need, you can ask at various advice centers.
Frequently asked questions
There are various advice centers in Bremerhaven. The counseling centers will help you find a job, training or professional orientation. The career counseling services on this site are mostly free of charge. The job center and the employment agency are state authorities. The other jobs listed here usually belong to non-profit organizations.
In Bremen/Bremerhaven apprenticeship fairs take place, with which different occupations are presented. Often schools also organise so called “Berufsorientierungstage” (occupational orientation days) or taster work experience. You can find out which professions there are and how to apply, for example, on the website https://www.bremerhaven.de.
To get a spot for an apprenticeship you apply directly to an employer. But not all companies offer apprenticeships. There are also counseling centers that can help you find an apprenticeship. Have a look at the offers at the bottom of this page.
An apprenticeship qualifies you for an profession. For example if you have completed an apprenticeship as an inland sailor you can apply for a position to work as an inland sailor. If you do not have a qualification in this area this is not possible.
Without an apprenticeship you are left only with jobs as a labourer/unskilled worker (for example on building sites or in agriculture) where in most cases you will earn significantly less money.
Another argument: a completed apprenticeship protects you from unemployment. In addition, without an apprenticeship you are more likely to receive temporary contracts or you will only be allowed to work at specific times – for example in the summer when there is lots to do on building sites, in gastronomy or at the harvest.
Often trainees are taken on directly by the companies after their training. This means that you can continue working in the company. Many students also get to know companies during their studies or during an internship where they can find a job afterwards.
In an apprenticeship it is clearly regulated in which area you work and what you learn. You already know which profession you would like to work in? Apprenticeship is necessary for this profession? Then Apprenticeship is probably also the right thing for you. For example, you can obtain advice on the subject of apprenticeship from the Jugendberufsagentur.
Students decide on a field of study, but with which you can usually work in different professions. So a degree program might suit you if you know what field you want to work in and if you want to learn about it theoretically first. You can gain practical experience as a student through internships.
What you need to be able to do depends on the profession you are training for and the company you want to work for. In most cases you should speak good German in order to understand the contents of the training and to be able to communicate at work. The advertisement for the training tells you what you need. In most professions you need at least a secondary modern school leaving certificate. If you have a high school diploma in your home country, you should try to get it recognized.