There are many different types of work in Germany. The best known type of work is full-time employment, where you usually work 40 hours in a company. Sometimes you may work a little less if you have a full-time job. How many hours the full-time job has depends on the workplace. With part-time employment, for example, the working time can be 20 hours, but also 30 hours. Your employment contract states how many hours you have to work. It also states whether you are employed on a temporary or permanent basis. There are also other types of work and measures that may suit you better. You can get advice on this, for example, from the Job Center or the employment agency.
Frequently asked questions
Undeclared work is prohibited and punishable in Germany. Your employer then usually pays your salary in cash and does not pay taxes or social security for you. You then make no contribution to the social security system and pay no taxes and that is illegal. If your employer wants you to work undeclared, you should seek advice and may report your employer.
In a mini-job you work a maximum of 15 hours a week and earn a maximum of 450 euros a month. You usually do not have to pay social security contributions. Your employer will transfer all the money to your account. However, if you receive unemployment benefit from the Job Center, you must report the mini-job. It may be that your unemployment benefit will then be adjusted. You can find more information about mini-jobs, for example, on the page of “Faire Integration“.
There are temporary employment agencies in Germany that lend their employees to other companies. That means temporary work. You are then employed by a company, but work at different workplaces. These contracts are often limited in time. There are certain rules for migrants whether they are allowed to work as temporary workers or not. You can obtain information on this from the Job Center, for example.
Shift work means that the working time is divided into different shifts. Work is then carried out in the company at different times of the day. For example, there is the early shift, the late shift and the night shift. There is constant and alternating shift work. With constant shift work, you usually work at the same times, whereas with alternating shift work you must work at different times.
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